By Geoff Layton
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Additional info for Access to History. From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany 1918-45 for Edexcel
E) Maintaining peace The Treaty also set out the Covenant of the League of Nations, which included the aims and organisation of the League. Germany had to accept the League, but it was initially not allowed to join. 2: German losses resulting from the Treaty of Versailles Key question Why did the Germans view the Treaty as unfair? 5 million) cent cent cent The ‘Diktat’ No other political issue produced such total agreement within Weimar Germany as the rejection and condemnation of the Treaty of Versailles.
In a national election it tends to give the most successful party disproportionately more seats than its total vote merits. g. the Nazis. This made it more difﬁcult to form and maintain governments. In Weimar Germany it was virtually impossible for one party to form a majority government, and so coalitions were required – sometimes of three and even four parties. Furthermore, it was argued that all the negotiations and compromises involved in forming governments contributed to the political instability of Weimar.
G. Liebknecht and Luxemburg (see page 9). The later leadership suffered from internal divisions and disagreements on tactics. • Concessions. g. over the Kapp putsch in March 1920 (see pages 39–40). • Repression. The authorities systematically repressed the rebels with considerable brutality. In the end, the extreme left was just not powerful enough to lead a revolution against the Weimar Republic. 3: Major communist uprisings 1919–23 Date Place Action Response January 1919 Berlin Spartacist uprising to seize power March 1919 Bavaria March 1920 Ruhr March 1921 Merseburg and Halle Summer 1923 Saxony Creation of soviet republic Formation of the Ruhr Army by 50,000 workers to oppose the Kapp putsch (pages 39–41) ‘March Operation’.
Access to History. From Second Reich to Third Reich Germany 1918-45 for Edexcel by Geoff Layton