By C. Shelby
Addiction argues that dependancy might be understood now not as a illness yet as a phenomenon that needs to be understood on many degrees without delay. using a posh dynamic structures process and philosophical method, Shelby explains habit as an irreducible neurobiological, mental, developmental, environmental, and sociological phenomenon.
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Additional info for Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective
Shopping, playing video games, and preoccupation with sex are among the activities that are already being spoken of in terms of addiction, or something very close to it. Hedonic theories The thing that these substances and at least one activity have in common is that they produce rewarding experiences, and, for some people, much greater rewards than do ordinary pleasures, such as food, exercise, or sex. The notion of being “high” is truly significant here; the reward experienced is above and beyond the experience of reward achievable through those other means.
This in fact adds to the remorse that they exhibit. A third reason for saying that someone is compelled is that the person feels compelled. 31 What is more, those who struggle with addiction often in fact do control their desires when the context demands it. All we need to observe to convince ourselves of that fact are the multitude of nondrinking alcoholics awaiting a DUI trial. Finally, as for the fourth reason Foddy says one might give for saying that addictive behavior is compelled, we have already considered it above: the fact that addiction can be correlated with changes in the brain in no way proves that addictive behavior is compelled.
Given this mutuality of causal connections, language of directionality is misleading, and ultimately, incorrect. ” But, one might ask, how could patterns possibly constrain patterns? It isn’t the patterns that constrain other patterns, we’re inclined to think, but what the patterns are made of – that is, our tendency toward substance thinking suggests that patterns couldn’t themselves cause anything, or prevent anything (another type of causation), because patterns are only 26 Addiction abstractions.
Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective by C. Shelby