By Sanford L. Moskowitz
Via unique case reports of an important complicated fabric creations of the latter twentieth and early twenty first century, the writer explores the function of the sphere of complex fabrics within the technological and fiscal task at the present time, with implications to the innovation technique in general.
A finished examine that encompasses the 3 significant different types of complicated fabric applied sciences, i.e., Structural fabrics (metals and polymers), sensible fabrics (transistor, microchip and semiconductor laser) and Hybrid and New varieties of topic (liquid crystals and nanomaterials).
Extensive use of fundamental assets, together with unpublished interviews with the scientists, engineers, and marketers at the entrance traces of complicated fabrics creation
Original method of case examine narrative, emphasizing interplay among the complex fabric strategy, perceived hazard and directing and accelerating leap forward expertise
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Extra resources for Advanced Materials Innovation: Managing Global Technology in the 21st century
These so-called “microalloys” have superior mechanical properties compared to conventionally produced cold roll steel. Alloying such ultrathin and ultrauniform steel with such elements as manganese, niobium, and vanadium during the thin strip casting process produces a very strong metal that is free of cracks and other imperfections. Rapid solidification and a uniform microstructure also mean that ultrathin steel is extremely tolerant of the presence of unwanted contaminants such as copper and tin.
They were the first to adopt large-scale oxygen furnaces and successfully operate efficient electric steel minimills. American steel was slow to embrace such innovations. It had become complacent and eschewed any major effort to revamp in the face of a growing global competition. It continued to work an aged technology and rigid production system. The large steel companies held on tight to the old World War II vintage blast furnaces and spent little money on research and development. Improvements in the integrated steel mills of the Midwest came slowly and incrementally with money spent on older equipment and machinery that provided little competitive advantage.
The concept of “lab on a chip” comprises the testing of DNA and treating such diseases as HIV, cancer, and even those arising out of bioterrorism using a small optical chip linked to a central supercomputer. Advanced materials are likely to infiltrate other areas of human health as well. “Smart” drug delivery systems, which release their pharmaceutical agents in response to the changing chemistry of the body, will depend on advanced polymers and nanoparticle technology. 17 New materials for lasers, sensors, and computing power—not to mention the advanced metals, polymers, and composites that will be needed for construction of the robotic device itself—will all come into play in this new surgical world.
Advanced Materials Innovation: Managing Global Technology in the 21st century by Sanford L. Moskowitz