By Helga Nowotny
The invention of high-temperature superconductivity was once hailed as a huge clinical leap forward, inducing an unheard of wave of pleasure and expectation one of the medical group and within the overseas press. This e-book units this examine leap forward in context, and reconstructs the historical past of the invention. The authors study the emergence of this new learn box and how its improvement used to be formed through scientists and technological know-how coverage makers. in addition they research some of the institutional and nationwide settings during which the examine was once undertaken in addition to contemplating the clinical backgrounds and motivations of researchers who entered the sector following the unique discovery.
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Extra resources for After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field
Finally, the euphoria spread even to leaders of national politics, particularly in the United States, where political and economic rhetoric were pushing for support for industry in its economic and technological competition with Japan. Any major advance in materials science could become a key area of technology and improve market performance. And any technology that contributed to solving energy problems was attractive, quite apart from considerations of competition. At public meetings, politicians underscored the links between scientific advances and technological innovation.
Miiller was an experienced, acknowledged specialist on perovskites; Bednorz was a crystallographer. 3 K, had stood since 1973 (Bednorz & Miiller, 1987). Of IBM's three superconductivity laboratories, Riischlikon was by far the smallest and most modestly equipped. The odds seemed stacked against it, compared with other large and booming labs like Bell, where the concentration offirst-rateresearchers included Cava and Batlogg, seasoned superconductivity specialists. At large-scale industrial research labs like IBM Yorktown Heights and Bell, ideas are mass-produced in an atmosphere of intense stimulation and intense competition that pushes researchers to their limits.
Heppenheimer, 1987) Things began to calm down, at least in scientific circles, in October 1987 when the Nobel Committee awarded Miiller and Bednorz the Nobel Prize for physics for their work in early 1986. The award recognized the significance of their discovery of the first ceramic material to superconduct at the then-high temperature of 30 K. At the same time, the granting of the Nobel Prize meant one stimulating race was over. The anomalous situation of 1987 began to yield to calmer and more serious research.
After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity as a Research Field by Helga Nowotny