By James J. Hennesey
Written via one of many most appropriate historians of yankee Catholicism, this ebook provides a finished historical past of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States from colonial occasions to the current. Hennesey examines, specifically, minority Catholics and advancements within the western a part of the us, a quarter frequently neglected in spiritual histories.
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Written via one of many prime historians of yankee Catholicism, this booklet offers a accomplished historical past of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States from colonial instances to the current. Hennesey examines, specifically, minority Catholics and advancements within the western a part of the us, a quarter frequently neglected in non secular histories.
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Extra resources for American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States (Galaxy Books)
The slaves, in some villages half the population, had originally been brought upriver to work in the lead mines which were another source of colonial income. There was no fighting in the west during the Anglo-French wars of 1689-97 and 1702-13, and France's soldiers continued to push into the Mississippi valley. Forts were built at Mackinac, Detroit, and at the mouths of the Kaskaskia and the Illinois. Settlers from Canada trickled down the great river. But disaster came with the outbreak of the French and Indian War in 1754.
Americans had begun to immigrate illegally after the sale of Louisiana to the United States in 1803, and the future was theirs. 7 Dreams of reaching the legendary Seven Golden Cities of Cibola had drawn Francisco Vasquez de Coronado to the Zuni pueblos and the uncharted northern plains of the Gran Quivira in 1540. His expedition travelled the Texas Panhandle and reached Kansas. 9 More Franciscans died in 1580-81 among the Pueblos. 10 Santa Fe was founded in 1609. 11 There were ninety friars in two dozen missions.
Penalver estimated Sunday mass attendance in the cathedral parish at 25 percent, and claimed that only three or four hundred of the eleven thousand parishioners received communion at least once a year. Most men, married or not, kept mistresses. The one bright spot was the Ursuline convent. " The royal Spanish school for boys was ineffective. " The bishop was likewise unhappy about the lot of slaves in the colony, noting that, with rare exceptions, they were not permitted to marry legally. Penalver reserved some of his strongest hostility for Anglo-American interlopers, and for French and Irish priests who did not speak Spanish and refused to conform to Spanish ways.
American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States (Galaxy Books) by James J. Hennesey