By R. Schroeder
An Age of Limits outlines a brand new social thought for knowing modern society. delivering an research of why political, monetary and cultural powers face constraints around the worldwide North and past, this daring e-book argues that forces which tackle present demanding situations needs to confront the bounds of the interaction among dominant institutions.
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Additional info for An Age of Limits: Social Theory for the 21st Century
Hence, so far, my proposal is: Mann, minus the fourth military source of power, divided into two separate and differentiated types of power or control, minus culture/ideology (as in other theories of power) but replaced by science (or cognition). The dominant institutions or forms of power – or control – in each of these macro-social orders are bounded vis-à-vis each other, though there would be clearly be overlaps if they were represented in a threecircle Venn diagram. But this overlap is an evasion on the part of social science, often expressed in terms of: ‘of course social reality is more complex than these concepts imply’.
Even if, therefore, we see economic and political cleavages as having been conjointly responsible for democratizing the state and redistributing wealth From the Birth of the Modern World to the Age of Limits 37 and income in the past, one characteristic of the Age of Limits is that they have now in large part become separated. Thus democratization has reached a steady state whereby different models of the distribution of social rights are now firmly in place: for example, in the fragmented pluralism of the US with its circumscribed and particularistic social rights in contrast to the state-centric corporatism in Sweden with more extensive and universalist social rights.
Note that democracy from a sociological perspective does not mean voting rights or the representation of the electorate as individual voters (as it might for political science). Instead, democracy means, first, the extent to which major interest groups in society share power in the state, and second, how this dominant institution (or power) rules or responds: how do ruling classes or elites engage with other groups in civil society or with classes and citizens? This way of framing the issue – my preference, to be supported later, is to use ‘ruling elites’ and to hyphenate ‘class-citizens’ – allows for economic sources of political struggles, as for liberals and radicals.
An Age of Limits: Social Theory for the 21st Century by R. Schroeder