By Aldous Huxley (editor)
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Additional resources for An Encyclopædia of Pacifism
But it was not till 1932 that the question of an all-round reduction of armaments was referred by the League of Nations to an international conference for consideration. The Disarmament Conference, over which The Right Hon. Arthur Henderson was selected to preside, first sat in February 1932 and continued its deliberations for over two years, the last full session being held in June 193+. A tentative draft agreement drawn up previously by the British Government in which many blanks were left to be filled in came under discussion, attempts were made to differentiate between offensive and defensive armaments and various suggestions were made for the limitation of armaments and for the abolition of certain war weapons.
What is called "righteous indignation" has justified Christian churchmen in cbmmitting innumerable atrocities. ) Individual Disputes and National Disputes There is a fundamental difference between war and disputes between individuals. Individuals quarrel in hot blood; war is coolly and scientifically prepared in advance and soldiers are carefully trained in order that they may overcome their natural feelings and be ready to kill and to be killed at the word of command. Individuals fight in their own quarrels; soldiers are trained to fight in quarrels that are not their own-for the financial advantage of business interests, for national prestige, for the sake of potential military advantages.
Communism became a militant, even a militaristic creed. 27 Communist violence in Italy, itself produced in large measure by the disruptive violence of war, evoked violent reaction. Fascism was born and, after a period of civil strife, came to power In the case of Germany, the allies were given ample opportunity to behave with justice and generosity; but, during the fifteen years which preceded the accession of Hitler, Germany was treated with consistent injustice. Such concessions as were made were always made reluctantly and so late that they never did anything to allay the bitterness of German public opinion.
An Encyclopædia of Pacifism by Aldous Huxley (editor)