By Felix R. FitzRoy, Elissaios Papyrakis
Curiosity in weather swap has generated a mountain of literature leaving many floundering within the sheer flood of knowledge, observation, claims and tasks. This hugely obtainable ebook assumes no past wisdom and cuts during the confusion to give an explanation for the most important monetary and coverage concerns on the topic of weather swap in uncomplicated language and with just a couple of facts. assurance slices around the breadth and intensity of weather switch, supplying brief summaries of the main proper study and conclusions from quite a few disciplines. The authors spotlight the place economists and coverage makers as a rule misunderstand the technological know-how of weather swap, underestimate the dangers of runaway warming and exaggerate the prices of radical measures to stabilize the weather. A key concentration is the influence of weather switch on international agriculture, the world's most crucial job. The authors supply a severe exam of the way present rules that advertise terrible water utilization and soil erosion are risking a catastrophic cave in of agriculture within the poorest and such a lot populous nations in a warming global. they give the impression of being on the strategies equivalent to how no-till, conservation farming, 3rd new release biofuels from waste land, substitute strength, and bio-char construction to elevate sustainable yields, decrease emissions and sequester carbon in soil. the second one, the most important thrust is a serious exam of the expansion financial system paradigm of wealthy international locations that's riding weather swap. The authors examine monetary measures to manage weather switch together with switching taxes from exertions to carbon and subsidies from fossil and nuclear strength to renewable possible choices in addition to call for administration and effort saving. total the booklet offers a complete, serious advent to the problems and highlights the most regulations which are had to start up the transformation to sustainability and stay clear of the worst hazards of weather disaster.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy
Extrapolated to worldwide adoption, these results suggest a potential for carbon capture and storage in the soil up to nearly 40 per cent of total anthropogenic carbon emissions. 30 Though only beginning to attract interest in developing countries, there is growing evidence that organic and low-till agriculture offers particular promise for both higher yields and more sustainable rural development. By substituting relatively cheap local labour and other resources for expensive imported chemicals and machinery, in regions where resistance to drought and erosion is even more important than in temperate zones, these methods can reduce irrigation water demands, contribute to food security and help to reverse the flight of displaced rural poor.
These animal products require several times the total land area to produce the same calories of nutrition as directly consumed plant products such as grains or legumes. Intensive livestock rearing in advanced economies is particularly extravagant in its use of concentrated feed from prime cropland, as well as a serious source of water pollution, primarily from manure. Demand for animal products is boosted by prices that do not include the environmental costs of production, as well as government subsidies for large farmers in particular and industrial agriculture in general in many countries.
Soil erosion or the loss of the most fertile layer of topsoil only becomes spectacularly visible in dust storms, such as those that ever more frequently envelop Beijing and have been detected on the west coast of the US and in Southern Australia. 14 Several factors interact to cause the damage. The traditional method of cultivation by ploughing first buries organic residue and then leaves the surface exposed without crop cover for long periods and between rows (particularly under common monoculture).
An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy by Felix R. FitzRoy, Elissaios Papyrakis