By P. R. S. Moorey
This is often the 1st systematic try and survey intimately the archaeological proof for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in old Mesopotamia (c. 8000-300 BC). P.R.S. Moorey studies in short the textual facts, and is going directly to learn intimately quite a lot of crafts and fabrics: stones, either universal and decorative, animal items, ceramics, glazed fabrics and glass, metals, and construction fabrics. With a entire bibliography, this generously illustrated quantity should be a key paintings of reference for archaeologists and people drawn to the early heritage of crafts and know-how, in addition to for experts within the historic close to East.
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Extra info for Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence
59 here). Analyses done in the British Museum identified it as travertine in Early Dynastic III contexts at Ur. Distinctive banded calcite is first used for vessels in the middle of the third millennium Be both at Ur and at Susa. It is sometimes distinguished by its colouring, shades both of red and green. This stone is distinct from a type of gypsum, also tinted red (rose) or green, which had long been used in the region and may have come from sources relatively close to Susa in the Zagros mountains (ef.
A plain, nat-based bowl with concave sides recorded at Ur is also matched at Yahya (Kohl 1974: pI. Xla), at I Shahdad (Hakemi 1972: pI. IXa), at Hili in Oman (Frifelt 1971: 375, fig. 3b). Decorated vessels in chlorite/steatite have been the subject of unusually concentrated interest following excavations at Tepe Yahya in south-central Iran, between 1968 and 1973, which identified workshop debris from the manufacture of vessels of all kinds in the locally available chlorite at some time in the second half of the third millennium Be.
Although the two materials were used for comparable shapes in many cases, there was a marked tendency for stone to be manufactured into small bowls, plates, and cups, whilst baked clay was used for larger pots and bowls. Vessels from Bouqras on the Middle Euphrates in the first half of the sixth millennium BC illustrate very much the same repertory of shapes as laTIno, with the addition of a distinctive four-footed type of vessel (Roodenberg 1986: figs. 75-6) and l110re closed shapes, but in a different, locally available range of stones.
Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence by P. R. S. Moorey