By T. Douglas Price
"Although occupied simply really in short within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating previous human societies. the world was once primarily unoccupied till the top of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of big ice sheets left at the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be finally coated through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric is still of human job in Scandinavia--much of it remarkably preserved in its bathrooms, lakes, and fjords--have given archaeologists a richly unique portrait of the evolution of human society. during this ebook, Doug fee offers an archaeological historical past of Scandinavia--a land mass comprising the trendy nations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the arriving of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's past e-book, Europe prior to Rome, old Scandinavia offers overviews of every prehistoric epoch by way of exact, illustrative examples from the archaeological checklist. An engrossing and finished photograph emerges of switch around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter--gatherers to massive farming groups to the complicated warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the stunning upward thrust of the Vikings. the cloth facts of those earlier societies--arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock paintings, fantastically wrought weaponry, Viking warships--give bright testimony to the traditional people who as soon as known as domestic this frequently unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable world"--
"This e-book is set the prehistory of Scandinavia, from the 1st population to their Viking descendants. Scandinavia during this research comprises the trendy international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. the 1st bankruptcy offers frameworks for knowing the prehistory of Scandinavia, focusing on position, time, and archaeology. the following chapters are prepared by way of the main archeological divisions of the time among the arriving of the 1st population, someday after 13,500 BC, and the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050, from the top of the Pleistocene, to the early Neolithic, to the Vikings. The archaeology of this sector offers a very good viewpoint at the improvement of human society. it is a type of laboratory for the evolution of human tradition that enables us to check distinctive proof approximately prior alterations in human society and to invite questions about what came about in this approach. Human teams in Scandinavia advanced from small bands of migratory hunters to village farmers, metal-using tribes, and early states in approximately 10,000 years. whereas the focal point of this quantity is on Scandinavia, what has been realized there has implications throughout a much wider set of archaeological questions: how do people colonize new areas, how do hunter-gatherers adapt to tricky environments, how do people do something about dramatic alterations of their surroundings, how vital used to be the ocean for hunter-gatherers, why did foragers develop into farmers, what have been the results of farming, how did hierarchical social relationships increase, how did early states function? perception on those questions in Scandinavia sheds gentle in different places within the prehistoric world"-- Read more...
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Additional info for Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings
With his background in geology and botany, Schwantes emphasized a multidisciplinary approach to the study of the past, and he mentored a number of other archaeologists, including Alfred Rust, who conducted the excavations at the Late Paleolithic site of Stellmoor, discussed in chapter 2. In Denmark, Johannes Brøndsted was made director of the National Museum in Copenhagen in 1951, and he emphasized new kinds of research, the protection of sites and monuments, and the popularization of archaeology (Kristiansen 1981).
1997, Seppa et al. 2009). A more recent episode in the Baltic and North Sea was a cooling event known as the Little Ice Age that lasted from approximately AD 1350 to 1850. The Little Ice Age had a major impact on the Vikings in the North Atlantic and likely hastened the abandonment of the Greenland settlements. More on this story in a later chapter. 9. The barren land remaining after the ice has left. This recent photo is from Greenland. Vegetation is a major component of landscape. 9). The ice masses of the Pleistocene acted as enormous bulldozers, grinding down the earth’s surface as they advanced and leaving behind huge blankets of homogenized earth and rock as they disappeared.
The camp at Slettnes was one of the last stops on this long voyage that began in southwestern Sweden. The total distance by sea from the modern city of Göteborg in western Sweden to Slettnes is 2,250 km (1,400 miles). The story of the early inhabitants of Scandinavia is a fascinating one. Our human ancestors arrived in Europe more than a million years ago, but most of the early evidence of a human presence comes from the southern half of the continent. The first humans to occupy northern Europe are poorly known.
Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price