By L. Rey (auth.), Louis Rey (eds.)
Opening Speech of the ICEDIVE eighty four convention via His Royal Highness Prince Bertil of Sweden i'm very happy to be invited to open the foreign convention ICEDIVE eighty four, facing scientific and technical difficulties of diving and similar underwater actions in arctic stipulations. till contemporary occasions, the arctic was once thought of astrange and distant zone of youngster value. despite the fact that, in a global with diminishing ordinary assets, arctic components became a zone of worldwide value as a result of their huge, immense assets and strategie place. sure specialists think that greater than 50% of oil reserves are "sleeping" in those northern components that are chilly, harsh and antagonistic to guy. Operations in arctic components are tremendous tricky, dear, and insist excessive degrees of technical, medical and physiological fulfillment. One may still keep in mind for instance, that Alaskan oil funding onIy turned economically practicable after the 1973-1974 cost explosion. fresh political/military problems within the Gulf have elevated curiosity within the improvement of polar assets. This convention is exclusive because it is the 1st time that scientific and technical experts drawn to the matter of diving in arctic stipulations have met in a global discussion board. improvement of the arctic assets is an issue of overseas urgency, and it pleases me that scientists from the us, Canada, the USSR, Australia and Europe have accumulated the following in Stockholm to offer their adventure and to debate difficulties during this field.
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Additional resources for Arctic Underwater Operations: Medical and Operational Aspects of Diving Activities in Arctic Conditions
They have a thick muscular wall, wh ich ensures an "on-off' function. They are either open or dosed, and they are cent rally regulated, presuinably through the sympathetic nervous system. They function completely 46 ARcne UNDERWATER OPERATIONS synchronously in fingers and toes, thus causing the mentioned drop in local temperatures in hands and feet in a cold man; in a warm man they are open, thus causing the very warm fingertips mentioned earlier. The arteriovenous-anastomoses lead fully oxygenated blood from the arteries to the veins.
The body thermostat is said to be "set" at that temperature. This "set-point" temperature is believed to govern the thermoregulatory responses: vasoconstriction and, later, shivering when the body is threatened by a fall in temperature, and vasodilation and sweating when the body temperature tends to rise above the "set-point". In the thermoregulatory cent re located in the brain stern in the hypothalamus, the thermosensory impulses from the skin, from internal structures and from the hypothalamus itself are weighted, the resulting "body temperature" is compared with the "set-point" temperature and the necessary correcting thermal responses are made.
Q) H ;j ~ H 2 Q) 0.. E Q) E-t 3 ~ ....... ) 1 Figure 2 Effect of acclimation to 4 oe (broken line) compared to unacclimated rats (solid line) on the dose response relationships for ethanol-induced hypothermia. Each point represents the mean from ten rats. ) at Ta 4 ± 1 oe. As seen in Table 1, there were no signifieant differenees between the two groups. These findings are in aeeord with the hypothesis developed in the previous seetion. Aeclimation for as short aperiod as 7 days afforded eonsiderable proteetion from the hypothermie and lethai effeets of ethanol administered at a low Ta.
Arctic Underwater Operations: Medical and Operational Aspects of Diving Activities in Arctic Conditions by L. Rey (auth.), Louis Rey (eds.)