By H. R. Ekbia
This e-book is a critique of synthetic Intelligence (AI) from the viewpoint of cognitive technological know-how - it seeks to check what we have now realized approximately human cognition from AI successes and screw ups. The book's aim is to split these "AI dreams" that both were or can be discovered from those who are developed via discourse and are unrealizable. AI examine has complicated many components which are intellectually compelling and holds nice promise for advances in technological know-how, engineering, and useful platforms. After the Nineteen Eighties, although, the sector has frequently struggled to convey extensively on those grants. This ebook breaks new flooring via studying how a number of the riding desires of individuals training AI study turn into valued contributions, whereas others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable initiatives.
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Extra resources for Artificial Dreams: The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence
It is also accompanied by a strong belief in a number of strict binary oppositions: order versus chaos, reason versus emotion, mathematics versus language, technology versus society (Noble 1984: 41; Agre and Schuler 1997). Computer professionals, by and large, share the ideological outlook of engineers, with an enhanced view of technological development as “autonomous and uncontrollable when viewed from any given individual’s perspective – something to be lived by rather than collectively chosen” (Agre and Schuler 1997).
The Mentalist Thread r giving explanatory priority to internal mental processes, as opposed to focusing on external behavior. r taking the mind as a mirror of the world, and mental representations as surrogates of outside objects, properties, and events. r taking perception as a kind of inverse optics: working backward from sense impressions to infer the outside phenomena that might have produced them (Hurlbert and Poggio 1988; see Agre 2002). r taking actions as executions of mental constructs (plans).
Whether the motivation is personal profit or institutional advantage, the intricate dynamics of entrepreneurial behavior is something that one should keep in mind when looking for sources of hype in a high-technology pursuit such as AI. 19:15 P1: KNP 9780521878678c01 CUFX253/Ekbia 978 0 521 87867 8 April 3, 2008 Artificial Dreams 34 The Hacker Culture: Technocracy While the engineering and entrepreneurial subcultures were direct or indirect contributions of professional lineages, the most distinctive feature of the computer profession is what has come to be known as “hacker culture” – the domain of those individuals variously characterized, with or without justification, as “compulsive programmers” (Weizenbaum 1976), or as “socially gauche to the point of being unworldly” and “adolescent mechanical geniuses capable of improvising brilliantly out of scraps and patches for the sheer love of solving sweet problems” (Roszak 1994: 137–38), or as “programmer-virtuosos who [are] interested in taking large, complex computer systems and pushing them to their limits” (Turkle 1995: 31).
Artificial Dreams: The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence by H. R. Ekbia