By Roland Paris
Exploring the problem of rehabilitating international locations after civil wars, this learn unearths that trying to rework war-shattered states into liberal democracies with marketplace economies can backfire badly. Roland Paris contends that the fast advent of democracy and capitalism within the absence of powerful associations can raise instead of reduce the risk of renewed struggling with. A more desirable method of post-conflict peacebuilding will be to introduce political and fiscal reform in a gentle and regulated demeanour.
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Additional info for At War's End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict
In the long run they offer better and more stable climates for investment. They are more environmentally responsible because they must answer to their own citizens, who organize to protest the destruction of their environments. They are better bets to honor international treaties since they value legal obligations 111 For an elaboration of this argument, see Paris 2003c. 112 Slaughter 1998, p. 129. xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 March 5, 2004 8:37 Foundations 36 and because their openness makes it much more difficult to breach agreements in secret.
Xml CY338/Paris 0521834120 16 March 5, 2004 8:37 Foundations meaning of democracy itself, which in practice prevented the organization from promoting any particular model of democracy as the “proper” model and reinforced the tendency of UN officials to distance themselves from questions of domestic politics. ”7 In all of these ways, the political and ideological conditions of the Cold War era helped to restrict the functional scope of peacekeeping to narrowly defined and predominantly military tasks, such as cease-fire observation, and worked to limit the involvement of these operations in domestic affairs.
Some of the UN’s new operations undertook tasks that resembled the traditional peacekeeping missions of the Cold War. In 1988, for example, the organization deployed fifty military observers to oversee the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. Although this was the first time that a UN operation had monitored Russian forces, the nature of the assignment itself – verifying a cease-fire and troop movements – was something that the world body had done several times before. Other operations, however, required the United Nations to perform more complex and less familiar tasks.
At War's End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict by Roland Paris