By Lee A. Kirkpatrick PhD
During this provocative and fascinating ebook, Lee Kirkpatrick establishes a huge, finished framework for impending the psychology of faith from an evolutionary viewpoint. inside of this framework, attachment thought offers a strong lens wherein to reconceptualize assorted points of non secular trust and behaviour. Rejecting the thought that people own religion-specific instincts or variations, Kirkpatrick argues that faith as a substitute emerges from various mental mechanisms and structures that developed for different services. This integrative paintings will spark dialogue, debate, and destiny learn between someone attracted to the psychology of faith, attachment thought, and evolutionary psychology, in addition to spiritual reports. it's going to additionally function a textual content in complex undergraduate- and graduate-level classes.
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Additional resources for Attachment, Evolution, and the Psychology of Religion
In short, evolutionary psychology refers to an approach to psychological science that begins by acknowledging that the brain—the organ primarily responsible for producing and organizing all thought and behavior—is, like all other organs and physiological systems, the product of eons of evolution by natural selection. As such, it is assumed to have evolved to perform particular functions that reflect solutions to adaptive problems entailing (directly or indirectly) survival and/or reproduction. Much as the remainder of the body is well understood in terms of functional systems—a heart for pumping blood, a liver for detoxifying blood, lungs for exchanging gases with the atmosphere, and so forth—the brain/mind can be understood as a complex aggregation of evolved functional systems or psychological mechanisms.
A standardized series of episodes then unfolds, involving the mother leaving the child alone in the room, and the entrance and exit of a stranger both in the mother’s presence and in her absence. The sessions are observed and/or videotaped surreptiously and evaluated by coders according to an elaborate and detailed scoring system. The primary focus of the observations concerns the child’s responses to separation from the mother, reunion with the mother following separation, and interactions with the stranger.
1978) Visibly distressed upon entering room, often fretful or passive; fails to engage in exploration. Separation: Unsettled, distressed. Reunion: May alternate bids for contact with signs of angry rejection, tantrums; or may appear passive or too upset to signal, make contact. Fails to find comfort in parent. Disorganized/ disoriented (D) (Main & Solomon, 1990) Behavior appears to lack observable goal, intention, or explanation-for example, contradictory sequences or simultaneous behavioral displays; incomplete, interrupted movement; stereotypies; freezing/stilling; direct indications of fear/apprehension ofparent; confusion, disorientation.
Attachment, Evolution, and the Psychology of Religion by Lee A. Kirkpatrick PhD