By Samuel C. Shepherd Jr
Avenues of religion files how faith flourished in southern towns after the flip of the century and the way a cadre of clergy and laity created a particularly innovative non secular tradition in Richmond, the bastion of the previous South. well-known because the former capital of the Confederacy, Richmond emerges as a dynamic and turning out to be business urban invigorated via the social activism of its Protestants. by way of studying six mainline white denominations-Episcopalians, Methodists, Presbyterians, Baptists, Disciples of Christ, and Lutherans-Samuel C. Shepherd Jr. emphasizes the level to which town fostered spiritual variety, while "blind spots" remained in regard to Catholics, African americans, Mormons, and Jews. Shepherd explores such themes as evangelism, interdenominational cooperation, the temperance crusade, the Sunday college circulation, the overseas peace projects, and the increasing function of lay humans of either sexes. He additionally notes the community's common rejection of fundamentalism, a spiritual phenomenon virtually instantly linked to the South, and indicates the way it nurtured social reform to strive against a bunch of city difficulties linked to public wellbeing and fitness, schooling, housing, women's suffrage, prohibition, little ones, and prisons. In lucid prose and with first-class use of fundamental resources, Shepherd offers a clean portrait of Richmond Protestants who embraced swap and reworked their neighborhood, making it an energetic, revolutionary non secular heart of the hot South.
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Extra resources for Avenues of Faith: Shaping the Urban Religious Culture of Richmond, Virginia, 1900-1929 (Religion and American Culture)
Paul’s Episcopal Church, where Robert E. Lee and Jefferson Davis had worshiped. In the 1890s St. Paul’s memorialized both men with windows of Tiffany glass. Alluding to Lee’s loyalty to the South, the Lee window portrayed Moses leaving Pharaoh’s court and included an inscription from Exodus. ” Certain southern heroes were elevated to a status approaching sainthood. Robert E. Lee’s birthday evoked religious discourses about his model character. According to recent scholars, such groups as the United Daughters of the Confederacy exerted pressure to ensure that only a southern interpretation of the Civil War was presented in schools, thereby transmitting a type of civil doctrine to succeeding generations.
In 1900 a journalist for a national magazine reported that “the commercial growth of Richmond is phenomenal. ” Richmond newspaperman Henry Sydnor Harrison’s 1911 novel Queed included a character who testi¤ed to changes in Richmond: “My own eyes have seen from these windows a broken town, stagnant in trade and population and rich only in memories, transform itself into the splendid thriving city you see before you. ” Not everyone was pleased by the changes. In The Sheltered Life Ellen Glasgow conveyed the dismay of conservative residents about downtown Richmond of the 1920s.
A diverse procession of out-of-town lecturers often drew large audiences. Judge B. B. Lindsey, Julia Lathrop, and Samuel Gompers championed reforms; Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois spoke as educators. 33 Richmond boasted its own intellectual community, and several of its members gained national reputations. Writers Kate Langley Bosher and Emily Clark received mostly local attention. Initially celebrated for writing historical ¤ction, Mary Johnston used one of her novels, Hagar, to promote woman’s suffrage, and she became a leader in the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia.
Avenues of Faith: Shaping the Urban Religious Culture of Richmond, Virginia, 1900-1929 (Religion and American Culture) by Samuel C. Shepherd Jr