By Sauvage J.-P. (ed.)
This sequence offers severe reports of the current place and destiny tendencies in sleek chemical learn. It contains brief and concise studies on chemistry, each one written by means of the world’s well known specialists, and nonetheless legitimate and valuable after five or 10 years.
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In order for an object to be regarded as a motor, several basic requirements have to be ful®lled. Even without trying to apply a strict thermodynamic de®nition, the system will have to convert a certain type of energy into another form of energy, while undergoing some kind of continuous motion. Threaded or interlocked rings are ideally suited to the construction of fully arti®cial molecular motors. If a ring is threaded onto a rod, it can either rotate around the axle or undergo a translation movement.
Magnasco MO (1994) Phys Rev Lett 72: 2656 5. Magnasco MO (1993) Phys Rev Lett 71: 1477 6. Astumian RD, Bier M (1994) Phys Rev Lett 72: 1766 7. (a) Leibler S, Huse DA (1993) J Cell Biol 121: 1357; (b) Prost J, Chauwin JF, Peliti L, Ajdari A (1994) Phys Rev Lett 72: 2652; (c) Doering CR, Horsthemke W, Riordan J (1994) Phys Rev Lett 72: 2984 8. Faucheux LP, Bourdieu LS, Kaplan PD, Libchaber AJ (1995) Phys Rev Lett 74: 1504 9. For an overview, see Travis J (1995) Science 267: 1593 10. Vale RD, Oosawa F (1990) Adv Biophys 26: 97 11.
The turnstile exhibits conformational bistability, a term which describes the double-well potential energy surface exhibited by a pair of isoenergetic rotational isomers . The molecular turnstile was synthesized by regioselective and sequential palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions between aryl halides and terminal alkynes . The successful strategy incorporates the spindle in the ®rst step of the synthesis and the last step is a macrocyclization. Three molecular systems (12±14) with different spindles have been prepared.
Molecular Machines & Motors by Sauvage J.-P. (ed.)