By Richard John Turton
It covers the entire general subject matters in good country physics, i.e. crystal constitution, mechanical, electric, thermal, and magnetic homes, metals, semiconductors, dielectrics, superconductors and amorphous solids, and likewise contains an introductory bankruptcy on chemical bonds and a bankruptcy on polymers. The textual content is basically non-mathematical, yet questions are built-in into the textual content to motivate readers to take on the problem-solving points of the topic. labored examples and an entire set of targeted ideas are incorporated. tougher subject matters (either mathematically or conceptually tougher) are handled in not obligatory sections.
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Additional resources for The physics of solids
The fact that the elastic moduli are very large explains why most solids do not deform significantly under stress. 1). 1 Typicalvalues of Young's modulus Y, the modulus of rigidity G,the bulk modulus Kand Poisson's ratio v for a selection of solids Y G K (109 N m -2) (109 N m -2) (109Nm-2) ............................. ""'" Diamond AI Cu Fe Pb W Brass Glass Steel 950 70 130 120 15 350 100 75 210 390 24 48 70 6 150 37 23 84 540 72 140 170 43 320 110 41 170 V ......................................
For example, if we apply the above procedure to the planes parallel to the one shown in Fig. all (001)planes. iJ to featur~ much smaller the wavelength of thelight lightis thatobserve we are any using to e me the structure. 2 nm, we cannot hope to see any atoms even with the most sophisticated optical microscope. e. the X-rayregion of the spectrum. However, we cannot build an X-ray microscope because there is no equivalent of the . alIens which works at X-ray wavelengths. Instead we must use a different approach.
7 Electron MI(RO§(Oi>U 57 microscopes X-raysare not the only means of probing the atomic structure of solids. Electrons and neutrons are also capable of exhibiting wavelike behaviour with a wavelength which is comparable with, or smaller than, the separation of the atoms in a crystal. ~ scattering produces a diffraction pattern which is similar to that obtained using Xrays, but smce neutrons have a magnetic moment this can provide additional information when studying magnetic materials. In contrast, electrons can be used in a quite different way because it is possible to focus the electron beams using electric or magnetic fields.
The physics of solids by Richard John Turton